Since the start of the 21st century, renewable energy has been one of the most talked-about world topics. Most scientists are researching and investing more resources in the sector.
However, not so much improvement has been gained.
Renewable energy still accounts for less than 30% of the world’s electricity supply. This brings about the question, what is it that stops the world from adopting renewable energy?
Some of the possible roadblocks to renewable energy adoption are:
- High capital costs
The most widespread reason why most people are yet to adopt renewable energies the initial setup costs. The government-supplied electricity tends to be highly subsidized and with a streamlined installation process.
For renewable energies like solar and wind, you need to invest more to operate. For example, you need to set up the wind farm in a suitable location for wind energy then purchase the turbines, generators, and storage facilities.
Given the high costs, financial facilities also find it hard to finance the projects. The only hope is for the fees to reduce as the world looks to improve massive adoption.
- Siting and transmission
The non-renewable energy options like natural gas, coal, and nuclear are centralized with a central control authority. They have higher output with clear channels of supply. It is pretty different for decentralized renewable energies, where every producer must account for their own supply system.
Setting up an offshore wind farm is a hectic process. It requires the right location, permits, and community engagement. The process can be tedious and costly.
Energy transmission is another concern. As wind energy is still new in the market, it does not have sufficient infrastructure for power supply. There is also less storage given the lithium battery limitations.
- Reliability misconceptions
Even though quite popular, not everyone is in support of renewable energies. Investors in non-renewable have tried to discredit the energy alternatives given the threat of loss of market.
The opposers tend to cite the unpredictability of wind and sun as a possible cause of unreliable power supply. Studies have, however, proved the wind and sun to be reliable.
How to Manage the Roadblocks to Renewable Energy Adoption
The presence of barriers to renewable energy adoption does not mean the world will not successfully use wind and sun energies. There are various solutions to the current predicaments.
One of the solutions is increased innovation. Even though wind turbines and solar panels operate efficiently, there is a need to increase output. The wind turbines will be taller with larger blades in the future. Studies on storage will also mean turning power into hydrogen instead of Lithium-ion battery storage.
Adoption of proper maintenance procedures is another future plan. Most investors avoid the renewable energy sector due to the high costs of maintenance. However, with information from places like IQIP’s website, they would have nothing to worry about.
Lastly, the population must also understand the need for renewable energy. As the world becomes more environmentally conscious, the world population will actively seek solutions.